Acer rubrum

Red Maple

Grows to 60 feet with a 35 foot spread.  Nice early red spring flowers and good red fall color. Rapid growth. Found along...

Alnus rugosa

Speckled Alder 

Grows to 20 feet in large, bushy clumps. Thicket forming shrub found near streams, lakeshores, wet meadows, swamps and other moist areas. Grows...

Amelanchier canadensis

Shadbush

Grows 10 to 20 feet high and 5 to 10 feet wide. Muti-stemmed large shrub with white blooms in early spring. Sun to light...

Amelanchier laevis

Allegheny Serviceberry

Grows to 40 feet high. Adaptable tree or shrub with large white blooms as the bronze-purple early growth emerges. One of the earliest...

American Persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

Grows 30 to 50 feet high and 15 to 25 feet wide. Blooms in late Spring followed by orange-red fruit  in the fall....

Andropogon gerardii

Big Bluestem

Warm season clumping grass that grows 3 to 6 feet tall with green leaves and blue tinted stems. Also called “turkey foot” because...

Arctostaphylus uva-ursi

Bearberry

Grows to 1 foot and spreads 2 to 4 feet. A trailing evergreen shrub that makes a good ground cover. Small, dark-green, shiny leaves. White...

Aristolochia durior

Dutchman’s Pipe

Vine 20 to 30 feet. Native to the Cumberland and Blue Ridge Mountains. Large, heart shaped leaves make an effective screen. Food source...

Aronia melanocarpa

Black Chokeberry

Grows 5 to 10 feet high and about 5 feet wide. Spreading shrub with showy, white flowers in spring. Purple-black fruit in fall...

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp Milkweed

Grows 2 to 4 feet.  Long, narrow, lance shaped leaves with pink flowers in summer that attract butterflies.  Full sun to partial shade....

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly Weed

Grows 1 to 3 feet.  Vigorous, upright plants with narrow, green leaves and showy, bright-orange flowers in summer that attract butterflies. Full sun....

Baptisia australis

Blue False Indigo

Bushy plant grows 3 to 4 feet with rich, bluish-green leaves and loose clusters of blue, pea-like flowers in spring or summer....

Baptisia leucantha

Prairie False Indigo

Grows 3 to 4 feet. Tall grass prairie plant, native from Minnesota to Texas. Thick, upright stems hold white blooms in spring....

Black Huckleberry

Gaylussacia baccata

Grows 1 to 3 feet tall. Slowly colonizing shrub with light pink blooms in spring followed by black fruit with wildlife value. Excellent...

Ceanothus americana

New Jersey Tea

Small shrub, 2 to 3 feet high and wide. Oval dark green leaves on a finely branched shrub with cream-white flowers in...

Celastrus scandens

American Bittersweet

A high-climbing or sprawling woody vine. Small, greenish flowers are followed by clusters of showy, orange capsules that split open to expose a...

Chasmanthium latifolium

Northern Sea Oats

Grows 2 to 4 feet. Clump forming, perennial grass bearing large, drooping, oat-like flower spikelets from slender arching branches. Blue-green leaves turn...

Chelone glabra

White Turtlehead

Grows 2 to 4 feet with slender, dark-green leaves and long-blooming spikes of  white snapdragon-like flowers. Blooms summer to fall. Spreads to form...

Clematis virginiana

Virgin’s Bower

A climbing vine to 20 feet that sprawls over surrounding vegetation or up trees. Attractive clusters of fragrant white flowers followed by silky,...

Cornus alternafolia

Pagoda Dogwood

Grows 15 to 25 feet high and 5 to 15 feet wide. Spreading flat-topped crown with layers of horizontal branches. Fragrant, white flowers...

Cornus amomum

Silky Dogwood

Grows 6 to 10 feet with similar spread. Multi-stemmed shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and blue berries in fall. Rapid...

Cornus canadensis

Bunchberry

Woodland groundcover that grows to 6 inches and spreads by underground by rhizomes. Has four showy white bracts that surround the flowers in early...

Cornus racemosa

Grey Dogwood

Grows 10 to 12 feet with similar spread.  A multi-stemmed, spreading shrub with white flowers in spring and white berries in summer.  Red...

Cornus sericea

Red-Osier Dogwood

Grows 8 to 10 feet with similar spread.  Spreads rapidly by underground shoots. Clusters of white flowers in spring followed by white berries...

Corylus americana

Hazelnut

Grows 8 to 10 feet with a 4 to 6 foot spread. A strong, multi-stemmed shrub often forming thickets.  Round edible nuts in fall. ...

Cotinus obovatus

American Smoke Tree

Grows 15 to 30 feet high and up to 15 feet wide. A rare plant native to Southern US from Tennessee southwest...

Hamamelis virginiana

Common Witchhazel

Grows 10 to 20 feet. Understory shrub or small tree with  fragrant, yellow flowers in October and good yellow fall color. Found in...

Ilex verticillata

Winterberry

Grows 6 to 10 feet with similar spread. Multi-stemmed shrub with small white flowers  followed by red berries that persist into winter. Ornamental fruiting...

Iris versicolor

Northern Blue Flag Iris

Grows 2 to 4 feet. Wide, flat, sword-shaped, blue-green leaves. Showy blue-purple blooms in late spring. Found around lakeshores, swamps and...

Lindera bezoin

Spicebush

Grows 8 to 15 feet high.  An upright, spreading shrub with yellow flowers before leaves appear in spring. Shiny, red fruit close to the...

Lonicera prolifera

Moon-vine honeysuckle

Shrubby vine growing to 10 feet. Yellow flowers in early summer, followed by red berries that attract birds. Sun to partial shade. Moderately...

Mitchela repens

Partridge Berry

Grows 1 to 2 inches high. Slow creeping evergreen groundcover. Small, fragrant white blooms in spring. Attractive red berries last throughout the winter....

Morus rubra

Red Mulberry

Grows 40 to 70 feet high and 40 to 50 feet wide. Large, dark green leaves. Catkins appear in April and May; fruits...

Myrica gale

Sweet Gale

Grows 2 to 5 feet high and spreads 3 to 6 feet. Slowly suckering shrub with  dark-green, aromatic foliage. Found in swamps, bogs...

Pachysandra procumbuns

Allegheny Spurge

Grows 6 to 10 inches. Clumping ground cover with semi-evergreen leaves mottled with an irregular silver pattern. Fragrant white blooms in early spring...

Parthenocissua quinquefolia

Virginian Creeper

Rapidly growing vine to 40 feet. Will grow up trees or as a ground cover. Makes an effective screen on fences. Deep-green, palmate...

Peltandra virginana

Arrow Arum

Slow-spreading, 2 to 3 foot tall aquatic perennial with large, oblong to triangular, bright green, basal leaves. Commonly found spreading along shallow waterways....

Physocarpus opulfolius

Ninebark

Grows 6 to 12 feet with similar spread. White blooms late spring to early summer followed by red seed heads. Found  in rocky soil,...

Pontederia cordata

Pickerelweed

Emergent aquatic plant growing 2 to 3 feet tall. Found in calm, shallow water areas such as pond margins, marshes and ditches. Often forms...

Prunus americana

American Plum

Grows 5 to 15 feet with similar spread. Thicket forming shub or small tree.  Forms colonies. White flowers from May to June and...

Prunus maritima

Beach Plumb

Grows 6 to 8 feet. A round spreading shrub with white flowers in spring and edible, purple fruit in fall.  Makes a great...

Quercus alba

White Oak

Grows up to 70 feet. Large, stately, slow growing tree found on sandy upland, gravely ridges and moist bottom lands. Acorns are food...

Quercus rubra

Red Oak

Grows to 70 feet. Northern-most Eastern oak. Rapid growing and an important lumber tree. Acorns are a food source for wildlife. Full to...

Rhodendron viscosum

Swamp Azalea

Grow 4 to 10 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide. Found in wooded and open swamps and along stream banks. White...

Rhus aromatica

Fragrant Sumac

Grows 3 to 6 feet and 4 to10 feet wide. Found on dunes, open dry woods and banks. Pale yellow flowers emerge with...

Rhus typhina

Staghorn Sumac

Grows to 20 feet and spreads to form colonies. Upright, open habit with fuzzy stems.  Yellow flowers are followed by large, upright clusters...

Rosa palustrus

Swamp rose

3 to 5 feet with similar spread. Fragrant, pink flowers in summer followed by red rose hips in the fall that attract birds....

Rosa virginiana

Virginia Rose

Spreading shrub 2 to 5 feet high with similar width. Often found as a coastal buffer at sands edge. Fragrant, pink blossoms early...

Salix discolor

Pussy Willow

Grows to 20 feet in multi-stemmed clumps up to 15 feet wide. Spreading shrub with fuzzy catkins in spring. Good for birds and...

Salix nigra

Black Willow

Grows 45 to 65 feet. Open crowned tree often with several trunks growing out from the base. Found in wet soil along streams...

Sambucus canadensis

Elderberry

Grows to 10+ feet with a similar spread. Rapid growing, multi-stemmed  shrub with large pinnate leaves. Large clusters of white flowers in early summer...

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little Blue Stem

18 to 24 inch warm season grass with fine-textured foliage that forms dense clumps reaching 1 foot wide. Blooms July through September....

Schoenoplectus taberneamontani

Softstem Bulrush

Perennial herb in the sedge family producing dense stands of narrow, tube-like culms reaching 4 to 8 feet. Grows from a long rhizome...

Sibbaldiopsis tridentata

Three-leaved Cinquefoil

(Shrubby Fivefingers)

Grows 2 to 6 inches. Spreading evergreen groundcover found on rocky mountain tops. White blooms late May to early June. Foliage turns...

Sorghastum nutans

Yellow Indian Grass

Tall, bunching, sod-forming  grass reaching 3 to 8 feet with blue-green blades and a large, plume-like, golden-brown seed head. Fall color is...

Spirea tometosa

Steeplebush

Grows 2 to 5 feet with similar spread. Pink blooms mid to late summer. Back of the leaves are fuzzy (tomentosum). Found in wet...

Vaccinium corymbosum

Highbush Blueberry

Grows from 3 to 10 feet with similar spread. Ornamental, upright shrub with white flowers in spring followed by edible blue fruits. Bright...

Viburnum nudum

Witherod or Wild Rasin

Grows 6 to 10 feet with a similar spread.  A slender, upright shrub with glossy, green leaves. White flowers in late...

Viburnum recognitum

Northern Arrowwood

Grows 10 to 15 feet in clumps and thickets.  White flowers late spring followed by blue fruit and red fall color. Found in...

Viburnum trilobum

Highbush Cranberry

Grows to 12 feet with similar spread.  A fast growing, suckering, upright shrub.  Clusters of showy, white flowers in late spring followed by...

Vitis riparia

River Bank Grape

Woody vine growing to 50 feet. White blooms in late spring followed by purple sweet-sour berries from late summer to fall. Adaptable...